Passage for discussion
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the golden avatara, appeared in India nearly five hundred years ago. It is the custom in India that when a child is born, an astrologer is called for. When Lord Krsna, the supreme personality of Godhead, appeared five thousand years ago, Gargamuni was called by His father, and he said, “This child formerly incarnated in three complexions, such as red and golden, and now He has appeared in blackish colour.” Krsna’s colour is described in the scriptures as blackish, Just like the colour of a cloud. Lord Chaitanya is understood to be Krsna appearing in golden complexion.
There is much evidence in Vedic literature that Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is an incarnation of Krsna, and this is confirmed by scholars and devotees. In the Srimad-Bhagavatam it is confirmed that the incarnation of Krsna, or God , in this present age, Kali-yuga, will always engage in describing Krsna, He is Krsna, but as a devotee of Krsna He describes Himself. And In this age His bodily complexion will not be blackish.
Another feature of this avatara is that He is always accompanied by His associates. Krsna, or God, comes with two missions: to give protection to the devotees and to destroy the demons. In this age Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s mission is also like that: to deliver the devotees and to annihilate the non-devotees, the demons. But in this age He has a different weapon, That weapon is not a club or disc or lethal weapon – His weapon is the sankirtana movement. He killed the demonic mentality of the people by introducing the sankirtana movement.
Therefore, in the Srimad-Bhagavatam it is said that this is the incarnation of God in this age. And who worships Him? The process is very simple. Just keep a picture of Lord Chaitanya with His associates. Lord Chaitanya is in the middle, accompanied by His principal associates – Nityananda, Advaita, Gadadhara, and Srivasa.
Anyone can have His picture in his home, chant this Hare Krsna mantra, and thus worship Lord Chaitanya. That is the simple method. But who will capture this simple method? Those who have good brains. Without much bother, if one simply keeps a picture of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu at home and chants Hare Krishna, then one will realize God.
In this age, those who have sufficient intelligence take to this sankirtana movement, and they advance very quickly.
Lord Chaitanya is called, “the golden avatara.” Avatara means “descending, coming down.” Just as one may come down from the fifth story or the one–hundredth story of the building, an avatara comes down from the spiritual planets in the spiritual sky.
The avatara for this age, Lord Chaitanya, is described in Vedic literature. We cannot accept anyone as an avatara unless he has the symptoms described in the scriptures.
Krsna Himself came to teach us how to surrender. His last instruction in the Bhagavad-gita is to surrender, but people – mudhas, rascals said, “Why should I surrender?” Therefore, although Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is Krsna Himself, this time He teaches us practically how to execute the mission of the Bhagavad-Gita.
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu gives us the opportunity to reach God directly When Rupa Goswami, the principal disciple of Lord Chaitanya, first saw Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, he was a minister in the government of Bengal but wanted to join Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s movements. So he gave up his position as a minister, and after joining, when he surrendered, he offered a nice prayer to Lord Chaitanya. This prayer says:
Namne gaura-tvise namah
My dear Lord, You are the most munificent of all the incarnations.” Why? Krsna-prema-pradaya te: “You are directly giving love to God. You have no other purpose. Your process is so nice that one can immediately learn to love God. Therefore You are the most munificent of all incarnations. And it is not possible for any personality other than Krishna Himself to deliver this benediction; therefore I say that You are Krsna.” Krishnaya krsna-chaitanya-namne: “You are Krsna, but you have assumed the name Krsna Chaitanya. I surrender unto You.”
So this is the process. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is Krishna Himself, and He is teaching how to develop love of God by a very simple method. He says simply to chant Hare Krsna.
Harer nama harer nama
Harer namaiva kevalam
Kalau nasty eva nasty eva
Nasty eva gatir anyatha
"In this age, simple go on chanting the Hare Krsna mantra. There is no other alternative.”
The chanting process offered by Lord Chaitanya for achieving love of God is called sankirtana. Sankirtana is a Sanskrit word. Sam means samyak – “complete.” And kirtana means “glorifying” or “describing.” So complete description means complete glorification of the Supreme, or the Supreme Complete Whole. It is not that one can describe anything or glorify anything and that will be kirtana. From the grammatical point of view that may be kirtana, but according to Vedic system, kirtana means describing the supreme authority, the Absolute Truth, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. That is called kirtana.
Science of Self Realization